The Indian financial markets comprise of many different key segments. These include, but aren’t limited to- Mutual funds, estate funds, share funds, bond funds, insurance companies, commodities, foreign exchange, money market, and banks-ranging from small local players to international large multinational corporations. With the onset of globalization, Indian financial markets have also started incorporating offshore investment banking systems that allow investors from around the world to invest in India. This has led to the opening up of Indian markets to international direct investment (DIIB) which had been virtually closed for the past several decades. Today, India is becoming an attractive destination for international direct investment for several reasons. Some of these reasons are as follows:
The above reasons are only a few and are indicative of the huge scope for Indian finance including its intricate interactions with other relevant fields including economics, information technology and other realms of modern industry. Finance in India includes various sectors such as real estate, insurance, automobiles, petroleum & gas, banking, oil & gas, transport, software and telecommunications, among others. In addition, India has a stable economy based on heavy inflow of inward remittances, high levels of foreign investment, and liberalization policies. Thus, the long tail of topics covered under finance include micro, macro, finance, policy and methodology, globalization, FDI, demography, education and demographics, health care and livelihood, environment, transport and tourism, corporate sector, and micro and macro policy.
In conclusion, finance in India provides a broad range of opportunities for investors to make significant long range and short term investments. Apart from globalization, inflow of inward remittances, development momentum and liberalization policies, India is emerging as one of the front runners for making investments in the financial market of countries such as USA, China, and Japan. Therefore, we can say that finance in India offers investors with a wide range of options for making investments. This is further backed by the fact that the Indian government has taken crucial steps to enhance the growth of the finance market and is providing maximum support to financial sector.