Law is a system of laws developed and enforced by governmental or societal institutions to regulate behavior in accordance with its specific definition, a matter of long-standing debate. It can be defined as the process of establishing obligation between a person and another, where the party who wishes to have the obligation is known as the Lawyer. It can also be defined as the practice of justice, and knowledge of the law. The purpose of Law is to prevent and provide remedy for wrongs committed, rights violated, and conflicts arising out of action or in accordance with the will of the people.
There are several different types of Law such as civil law, criminal law, common law, family law, probate, trusts, real estate, corporate law, property and commercial law. Civil law is the area that addresses disputes between individuals and organizations, such as in divorce, contracting, hiring employees, and purchasing property. Criminal law is the area that deals with crimes against humanity such as murder, rape, arson, embezzlement, conspiracy, solicitation, vagrancy, burglary, theft, and assault. Common law is the area that is based on common law established within the jurisdiction of common law states and provinces, which includes civil matters that happen under customary law such as wills, trusts, mortgages, and charters.
In contrast to civil and criminal law, the area of tort law addresses damages awarded to an individual for one’s loss. This area of law is relatively new and has only been implemented in the United States since the twentieth century. Tort law can be recognized on both state and federal levels, although many more jurisdictions are recognizing a common law of tort law. When we look into the role of the Law in society, we find that the Law plays a vital role not only in resolving disputes but also in protecting individual’s rights. These rights include rights to private property, the freedom of speech and press, the right to be secure from unreasonable seizure or arrest, and other important personal and economic rights.